La elección de estudiar este proyecto se produce porque me resultan especialmente interesantes las condiciones de emergencia que lo rodean. Shigeru Ban es un arquitecto de origen japonés, pero que emigró para trabar a EE.UU.
Su trabajo en los últimos años se ha centrado en proyectos de emergencia. A raíz del tsunami que asoló Japón en marzo de 2011 decide poner en marcha un sistema que da lugar a un proyecto para albergar a las personas que se han quedado sin vivienda en la ciudad de Onawaga, a la cual está vinculada sentimentalmente.
Se divide en dos fases principales, la primera es dar acogida rápida a los afectados, para ello se utiliza un polideportivo municipal en el que se hacen particiones con un sistema muy básico de tubos de cartón y cortinas textiles. Cada unidad familiar tiene su
propio espacio íntimo de emergencia para pasar los primeros días tras la catástrofe.
Esto es muy importante para la cultura japonesa, muy celosa de su vida íntima y familiar.
Como la construcción de nueva vivienda se preveía muy largo plazo ya que el desastre afectó seriamente a la economía del país y a sus habitantes, en el estudio de Shigeru Ban tuvieron que proponer una solución a medio plazo para acoger a los afectados.
Y de esta necesidad tan imperante y condicionada surge Container Temporary Housing.
Unos contenedores básicos apilados que forman grandes bloques y entre medias unas calles, que sirven de espacio polivalente de convivencia, donde se implanta un pequeño mercado,servicios y cuando baja la actividad estas zonas se convierten en juegos de niños, lugares comunes para comidas y reuniones vecinales. Para mí es lo más interesante del proyecto, estas calles donde la actividad es creciente y compensan con macroespacios semiexteriores el tamaño mínimo que tienen las viviendas en contenedores.

(actualizado, 25_11_12)


Japan Times reported that miyagi, one of the three tohoku region prefectures hardest hit by the march 11 earthquake and tsunami,

has completed construction of temporary housing for people affected by the disaster, leaving fukushima as the only prefecture yet to meet

that need, as iwate finished such construction earlier.

people started to move into the final six buildings to be completed, comprising three stories — unseen in other disaster-hit areas —

for 144 households in onagawa. the town, surrounded by mountains, decided to build multistory structures in a ballpark to make full

use of available flat land.


the 'multi-storey housing' planned by japanese firm shigeru ban architects is a transient and quickly erected emergency housing structure

for those in need of immediate disaster relief in japan. the project contains 188 homes and have been configured and constructed on site.

the dwellings are layered in a row like fashion with gaps separating the units creating a checkerboard pattern along the expansive facade.


http://www.handsonchengdu.org/en/community-container


Fuentes/ sources:
http://www.shigerubanarchitects.com
http://www.arup.com
www.globalportablebuildings.com/
www.dezeen.com/
archrecord.construction.com
www.designboom.com
openbuildings.com
www.inhabitat.com
buildingsustainablehouses.blogspot.com
www.world-architects.com
wikipedia.org/wiki/Shigeru_Ban






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The grounds surrounding the homes provide the temporary residents with a market, library and assembly space.

the possibility of remaining permanently is presented to the individuals as a long term solution to the projected shortages of shelter.


otras pruebas/ other test:
http://www.tempohousing.com/


Since the 3.11 earthquake, we have visited more than 50 evacuation facilities and installed over 1800 units (2mx2m) of our Paper Partition System, to ensure privacy between families. During that time, I heard the news that the town of Onagawa was having diffi culty to construct enough temporary housing due to the insuffi cient amount of fl at land. Therefore, we decided to propose three-story temporary housing made from shipping containers. By stacking these containers in a checkerboard pattern, our system creates bright, open living spaces in between the containers. The standard temporary houses issued by the government are poorly made, and there is not enough storage space. We installed built-in closets and shelves in all of our houses with the help of volunteers and with the donation fund. It will become a breakthrough and precedent to new government standards of evacuation facilities and temporary housing.

Temporary housing are starting to be deployed disaster areas. However, the number of the amount of housing required is insufficient. The main reason is that most of the damaged coast areas are not on level terrain.

Usually, temporary housing is suitable for flatlands, and providing the required number of units is difficult.

Our project to Onagawa, Miyagi prefecture is to use existing shipping containers (20 feet) and stack them in a checkerboard pattern up to three stories.

・Shorten the construction period by usage of existing containers

・Wide interval can provide parking area, community facility and privacy of families

・Placing containers in a checkerboard pattern and create a open living space in between

・Exellent seismic performance


.Can be used as a permanent


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ENLACES DE VIDEOS SOBRE CONTAINER TEMPORARY HOUSING:

(VIDEO LINKS ABOUT CONTAINER TEMPORARY HOUSING)


http://vimeo.com/46611326

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hcuQVtghNdg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlOSaF_zNEs&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upqyBgk7pnY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SykaUxCspB0



ENLACES DE VIDEOS SOBRE FUNCIONAMIENTO DE CONTENEDORES:

(VIDEO LINKS ABOUT CONTAINER WORKS)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7l6AQN1KV0&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0sKWvp3prsY&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b-wCEbSd2r8&feature=related



phase 1

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phase 2
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Plans

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Otros trabajos de Shigueru Ban/ Other works:

"Arquitectura de emergencia" Texto de Belinda Tato y José Luis Vallejo (Ecosistema Urbano)



(actualizado, 25_11_12)